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Further reading

Below are extracts from relavent articles on LLLT

Pain relief

1. A meta-analysis of the efficacy of laser phototherapy on pain relief.
Summary: Laser phototherapy effectively relieves pain of various etiologies; making it a valuable addition to contemporary pain management armamentarium.  Click here.

2. Efficacy of low-level laser therapy in the management of neck pain: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized placebo or active-treatment controlled trials
Summary: We show that LLLT reduces pain immediately after treatment in acute neck pain and up to 22 weeks after completion of treatment in patients with chronic neck pain. Click here.

3. Efficacy of 904 nm gallium arsenide low-level laser therapy in the management of chronic myofascial pain in the neck: a double-blind and randomize-controlled trial.
Summary: This study revealed that short-period application of LLLT is effective in pain relief and in the improvement of functional ability and QoL in patients with MPS. Copyright 2004 Wiley-Liss, Inc. Click here.

4. Evaluation of low intensity laser therapy in myofascial pain syndrome
Summary: Analyzing the analgesic effect of LILT suggests it as a possible treatment of MPS and may help to establish a clinical protocol for this therapeutic modality. Click here.

Tissue Healing & Repair

1. The efficacy of low-power lasers in tissue repair and pain control: a meta-analysis study.
Summary: These findings mandate the conclusion that laser phototherapy is a highly effective therapeutic armamentarium for tissue repair and pain relief. Click here.

2. A meta-analysis of the efficacy of phototherapy in tissue repair.
Summary: These findings indicate that phototherapy is a highly effective form of treatment for tissue repair, with stronger supporting evidence resulting from experimental animal studies than human studies. Click here.

3. Laser technology in orthopedics: preliminary study on low power laser therapy to improve the bone-biomaterial interface.
Summary: These preliminary positive results seem to support the hypothesis that LPL treatment can be considered a good tool to enhance the bone-implant interface in orthopedic surgery. Click here.

4. Effect of laser therapy on attachment, proliferation and differentiation of human osteoblast-like cells cultured on titanium implant material.
Summary: These results showed that in response to LLLT, HOB cultured on titanium implant material had a tendency towards increased cellular attachment, proliferation, differentiation and production of TGF-beta(1), indicating that in vitro LLLT can modulate the activity of cells and tissues surrounding implant material.Click here.

Laser Blood Irradiation

1.Effects of intravascular laser irradiation of blood in mitochondria dysfunction and oxidative stress in adults with chronic spinal cord injury.
Summary: This study contributes to the knowledge about the effectiveness of intravascular laser irradiation of blood in alleviating cell damage and promoting cell repairing in chronic spinal cord injury patients. Click here.

2.The influence of intravenous laser therapy on prostaglandin E2 and F2-alpha dynamics and the state of microcirculation in the patients presenting with gastroesophageal reflux disease.
Summary: Laser irradiation resulted in the elevation of prostaglandin levels and the improvement of microcirculation. Click here.

3. A metabolomic study on the effect of intravascular laser blood irradiation on type 2 diabetic patients.
Summary: This study clearly demonstrated intravenous laser blood irradiation decreases blood glucose and bad amino acids and increases good amino acids in blood in diabetic type 2 patients. These findings support the therapeutic benefits of laser blood irradiation in diabetic patients. Click here.

4. Effect of intravenous low-intensity laser irradiation of the blood on clinical and laboratory parameters of hepatocellular insufficiency.
Summary: After laser irradiation treatment alleviation of symptoms of liver function insufficiency and significant improvement of liver function tests were observed. Click here.

Laser Acupuncture

1. Treating balance disorders by ultra-low-level laser stimulation of acupoints.
Summary: This study found that low level laser stimulation of peripheral Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) acupuncture points can be effective, regardless of the pathology. Click here.

2. Comparative study in the management of allergic rhinitis in children using LED phototherapy and laser acupuncture.
Summary: The results show that both techniques are equally safe, reliable, non invasive and successful. Click here.

3. Laser acupuncture in patients with temporomandibular dysfunction: a randomized controlled trial.
Summary: The laser acupuncture is a secure, noninvasive, and effective treatment modality because it improves the chronic pain associated with TMD and has no side effects. Click here.

4. Laser acupuncture for depression: A randomised double blind controlled trial using low intensity laser intervention.
Summary: Laser acupuncture showed a clinically and statistically significant benefit with reducing symptoms of depression on objective measures. Click here.

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